Indian Constitution | Development of the Indian Constitution

Indian Constitution | Development of the Indian Constitution

Brief History of the Development of the Indian Constitution

Indian Constitution | Development of the Indian Constitution

1757 After the Battle of Plassey of SBI and the Battle of Buxar being won by the British, the British East India Company tightened the grip of rule over Bengal. To keep such a regime favorable, the British passed many acts from time to time, which became the steps for the development of the Indian Constitution.

They are as follows Regulating Act of 1773 This Act is of utmost importance.

(A) This was the first step taken by the British government in the direction of regularizing and controlling the affairs of the East India Company in India, that is, parliamentary control was established over the rule of the Company.

(B) It recognized the administrative and political work of the company for the first time.

(C) It laid the foundation of central administration.


(1) By this Act the Governor of Bengal has been named as the Governor General of Bengal and the Governors of Bombay and Madras were made under it. The first Governor General to be made under this Act was Lord Warren Hastings.

(2) Under this Act, a government was established in the Presidency of Kolkata in which the Governor General and four members of his council used to exercise their power jointly.

(3) Under this act, a Supreme Court was established in 1764 Kesari in Kolkata with the Chief Justice and three other judges.

(4) Under this, the employees of the company were prohibited from doing private business and taking gifts and bribes from Indian people.

(5) By this act the British Government was empowered to control the company through the Board of Directors, it was made necessary to inform the British Government about its revenue, civil and military affairs in India.

> Act of Central Mention 1781 AD:

In order to overcome the shortcomings of the Regulating Act, a provision was made for this Act, according to this Act, the Government of Kolkata was given the right to make laws for Bengal, Bihar and Orissa.

> Pitt's India Act of 1784 AD:

Visit by agent Administration started Board of Directors for business affairs Board of Control for political affairs.

Charter Act of 1793:

 Through this, arrangements were made to pay the excess salary of the members of the Board of Control and the employees out of the Indian revenue.

> Charter Act of 1833 AD:

 The main feature of this act is that the charter of the No. 1 company was extended for 20 years. Monopoly for 20 years in relation No. 3 Trade with India opened to all British citizens subject to certain limits No. 4 Christian clergy were not allowed to come to India before 1813

 But by the act of 18 to 13 AD, the Christian priests got the facility to come to India after getting permission.


>Charter Act of 1833 AD.

The main feature of this act is 

- 1. By this the business rights of the company were completely normalized. Now the company's work remained only to rule India on behalf of the British government. The Governor General of Bengal came to be called the Governor General of India. The law making powers of the councils of Bombay and Madras were withdrawn. The fourth member was included as a foreign member in the Governor-General's council for legal advice. Slavery was declared unlawful in India and it was abolished in 1843 AD. 

Section 87 of the Act provided for disqualification of a person on grounds of religion, place of birth, race or colour, for holding office under the company.

Giving full authority with respect to revenue to the Governor-General's council, the Governor-General was given the right to prepare a single budget for the entire country. Indian laws were classified and arrangements were made for the appointment of Law Commission for this work. In 1834, the first Law Commission was constituted under the chairmanship of Lord Macaulay.

> Charter Act of 1853 AD:

 The main feature of this act is - 1. By this act, by abolishing the principle of nomination in the services, arrangements were made to fill the important posts of the company on the basis of competitive examinations, for this, a working committee was appointed from 18 to 54 AD, number two, by this act, the Governor-General's council The legislative and administrative work of K was separated, under this 6 new councilors were added to the council, which were called Legislative Councillors.

>Government of India Act of 1858 AD

 The features of this act are

-1. The governance of India was handed over from the Company to the British Crown.

-2. Ministerial position was arranged in India

-3. India Council of 15 members was created, eight members by the British government and seven members by the company's board of directors.

-4. British Parliament established direct control over Indian affairs

-5. The post of Mughal Emperor was abolished.

-6. The Board of Directors and Board of Control were abolished by this Act.

-7. The Secretary of State for India was appointed as a member of the British Cabinet to govern India, I was responsible to the British Parliament for my actions, it had complete control over the administration of India, his sentence was final, even if he policy or other details

-8. The name of the Governor General of India was changed to Viceroy, so the Governor General of this time, Lord Canning, became the last Governor General and the first Viceroy.